Formatting Your Text#
The novelWriter text editor is a plain text editor that uses formatting codes for setting meta data values and allowing for some text formatting. The syntax is based on Markdown, but novelWriter is not a Markdown editor. It supports basic formatting like emphasis (italic), strong importance (bold) and strikethrough text, as well as four levels of headings.
In addition to formatting codes, novelWriter allows for comments, a synopsis tag, and a set of keyword and value sets used for tags and references. There are also some codes that apply two whole paragraphs. See Text Paragraphs below for more details.
The editor has a syntax highlighter feature that is meant to help you know when you’ve used the formtatting tags or other features correctly. It will change the colour and font size of your headings, change the text colour of emphasised text, and it can also show you where you have dialogue in your text.
When you use the commands to set tags and references, these also change colour. Correct commands have a dedicated colour, and the references themselves will get a colour if they are valid. Invalid references will get a squiggly error line underneath. The same applies to duplicate tags.
There are a number of syntax highlighter colour themes available, both for light and dark GUIs. You can select them for Preferences.
Four levels of headings are allowed. For project notes, they are free to be used as you see fit. That is, novelWriter doesn’t assign the different headings any particular meaning. However, for novel documents they indicate the structural level of the novel and must be used correctly to produce the intended result. See Importance of Headings for more details.
# Title Text
Heading level one. For novel documents, the header level indicates the start of a new partition.
## Title Text
Heading level two. For novel documents, the header level indicates the start of a new chapter. Chapter numbers can be inserted automatically when building the manuscript.
### Title Text
Heading level three. For novel documents, the header level indicates the start of a new scene. Scene numbers or scene separators can be inserted automatically when building the manuscript, so you can use the title field as a working title for your scenes if you wish.
#### Title Text
Heading level four. For novel documents, the header level indicates the start of a new section. Section titles can be replaced by separators or removed completely when building the manuscript.
For headers level one and two, adding a
! modifies the behaviour of the heading:
#! Title Text
This tells the build tool that the level one heading is intended to be used for the novel’s main title, like for instance on the front page. When building the manuscript, this will use a different styling and will exclude the title from for instance a Table of Contents in Libre Office.
##! Title Text
This tells the build tool to not assign a chapter number to this chapter title if automatic chapter numbers are being used. Such titles are useful for a prologue for instance. See Unnumbered Chapter Headings for more details.
The space after the
! character is mandatory. The syntax highlighter will change
colour and font size when the heading is correctly formatted.
A text paragraph is indicated by a blank line. That is, you need two line breaks to separate two fragments of text into two paragraphs. Single line breaks are treated as line breaks within a paragraph.
In addition, the editor supports a few additional types of whitespaces:
A non-breaking space can be inserted with CtrlK, Space.
Thin spaces are also supported, and can be inserted with CtrlK, ShiftSpace.
Non-breaking thin space can be inserted with CtrlK, CtrlSpace.
These are all insert features, and the Insert menu has more. They are also listed in Insert Shortcuts.
Non-breaking spaces are highlighted by the syntax highlighter with an alternate coloured background, depending on the selected theme.
Non-breaking spaces are for instance the correct type of space to separate a number from its unit. Generally, non-breaking spaces are used to prevent line wrapping algorithms from adding line breaks where they shouldn’t.
A minimal set of text emphasis styles are supported.
The text is rendered as emphasised text (italicised).
The text is rendered as strongly important text (bold).
In markdown guides it is often recommended to differentiate between strong importance and emphasis
** for strong and
_ for emphasis, although Markdown generally also supports
for strong and
* for emphasis. However, since the differentiation makes the highlighting and
conversion significantly simpler and faster, in novelWriter this is a rule, not just a
In addition, the following rules apply:
The emphasis and strikethrough formatting tags do not allow spaces between the words and the tag itself. That is,
**text **is not.
More generally, the delimiters must be on the outer edge of words. That is,
some **text in bold** hereis valid,
some** text in bold** hereis not.
If using both
_to wrap the same text, the underscore must be the inner wrapper. This is due to the underscore also being a valid word character, so if they are on the outside, they violate rule 2.
Text emphasis does not span past line breaks. If you need to add emphasis to multiple lines or paragraphs, you must apply it to each of them in turn.
Paragraph Alignment and Indentation#
All documents have the text by default aligned to the left or justified, depending on your Preferences.
You can override the default text alignment on individual paragraphs by specifying alignment tags.
These tags are double angle brackets. Either
<<. You put them either before or after
the paragraph, and they will “push” the text towards the edge the brackets point towards. This
should be fairly intuitive.
Indentation uses a similar syntax. But here you use a single
< to push the text away
from the edge.
The text paragraph is right-aligned.
The text paragraph is left-aligned.
The text paragraph is centred.
The text has an increased left margin.
The text has an increased right margin.
The text has an both margins increased.
The text editor will not show the alignment and indentation live. But the viewer will show them when you open the document there. It will of course also be reflected in the document generated from the build tool as long as the format supports paragraph alignment.
Vertical Space and Page Breaks#
Adding more than one line break between paragraphs will not increase the space between those
paragraphs when building the project. To add additional space between paragraphs, add the text
[VSPACE] on a line of its own, and the build tool will insert a blank paragraph in its place.
If you need multiple blank paragraphs just add a colon and a number to the above code. For
[VSPACE:3] will insert three blank paragraphs.
Normally, the build tool will insert a page break before all headers of level one and for all headers of level two for novel documents, i.e. chapters, but not for project notes.
If you need to add a page break somewhere else, put the text
[NEW PAGE] on a line by itself
before the text you wish to start on a new page.
Page breaks are automatically added to partition, chapter and unnumbered chapter headers of novel documents. If you want such breaks for scenes and sections, you must add them manually.
The page break code is applied to the text that follows it. It adds a “page break before” mark
to the text when exporting to HTML or Open Document. This means that a
[NEW PAGE] which has
no text following it, it will not result in a page break.
Comments and Synopsis#
In addition to these standard Markdown features, novelWriter also allows for comments in documents. The text of a comment is ignored by the word counter. The text can also be filtered out when building the manuscript or viewing the document.
If the first word of a comment is
Synopsis:(with the colon included), the comment is treated specially and will show up in the Project Outline View in a dedicated column. The word
synopsisis not case sensitive. If it is correctly formatted, the syntax highlighter will indicate this by altering the colour of the word.
This is a comment. The text is not renderred by default (this can be overridden), seen in the document viewer, or counted towards word counts.
% Synopsis: text...
This is a synopsis comment. It is generally treated in the same way as a regular comment, except that it is also captured by the indexing algorithm and displayed in the Project Outline View. It can also be filtered separately when building the project to for instance generate an outline document of the whole project.
Only one comment can be flagged as a synopsis comment for each heading. If multiple comments are flagged as synopsis comments, the last one will be used and the rest ignored.